After 1 October large companies will be required to perform energy audits

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Finance

Energy efficiency is still not a strength of national companies. After 1 October, large companies will be required to carry out energy audits. Savings in this area can be achieved by any company. Change of habits and regulation of equipment systems allow to keep about 10% of energy. The funds gained in this way can be used for investments or price reductions.
– In order to be able to talk about improving energy efficiency, one must first of all know how we use it, notes an associate of SGS USA and an energy auditor in an interview with the Biznes news agency. – The basis is to identify all kinds of sources, receivers and processes in which energy is consumed. Then we need to consider whether it is actually used in an optimal way, whether there are opportunities for better management of it.
According to data from the Central Statistical Office, Poland’s total primary energy consumption in the years 2004-2014 increased from 91 to almost 94 Mtoe (energy equivalent of tons of crude oil with a calorific value of 10,000 kcal/kg), i.e. by 0.3% within twelve months. At the same time, this progress was almost uninterrupted (except for 2009) and resulted from relatively rapid economic development.
At the same time, the final consumption of energy (Final Consumption, i.e. the consumption of energy carriers for technological, production and living needs without further processing) increased from 57 to over 60 Mtoe, which means an annual rate of 0.6% on average.
– Perhaps with the same energy it is possible to produce more products or services – emphasized during the congress of Sustainable Development Standards. – This requires, of course, knowledge, determination and commitment on a different operational level. Not only managerial, but also employee involvement, because it is most often the employees who know what can be improved, improved, how to do it and what benefits, opportunities and potential savings can be achieved thanks to it.
Poland’s natural resources still have a significant impact on the structure of fuels used in the economy. According to GUS data, the main source of primary energy was and still is hard coal and lignite. In the case of final consumption, oil-derivative fuels dominate.
The share of coal fuels in final energy consumption has declined since 2004 from 20 to 18 percent over the decade. A significant decrease (from 12 to 9 percent) also occurred in heat consumption, and the share of gas has also declined (from 15 to 14 percent). On the other hand, a significant, two percent increase was recorded for electricity (from 16 to 18 percent) and other fuels (from 7 to 10 percent).
– Economic premises should result from the awareness that energy is a cost,” explains. It is a market commodity and the less the entrepreneur pays for it, the more funds will be left for its development. It can also offer more competitive prices for its products or services. This should be a sufficient motivation. On the other hand, the legislator has provided additional funds.
One of the main assumptions of the Energy Efficiency Act, which is to come into force on 1 October this year, is the introduction of the obligation for large companies to carry out energy audits resulting from the need to implement the EU directive. Thanks to such action, the company will obtain information about possible energy savings and its results may be used for analyses and control. The audit report may be inspected by the Energy Regulatory Office.
– The audit consists in the identification of the places of the greatest energy consumption – explains . The results of such a study should serve savings, but also go to the President of the Energy Regulatory Office, who in the event of non-compliance with legal requirements may impose a fine of up to five percent of the revenue for the previous tax year. It is quite an effective tool to deal with the improvement of energy efficiency in a company.
The amount of savings possible to achieve, as notes, depends on the industry and the scope of business activity. The current energy intensity of the domestic industry, according to research, is about two and a half times higher than the average for the European Union.
– Approximately 50% of energy can be saved, at least theoretically, with the use of various types of measures believes . Various types of operational measures, such as change of habits or regulation of systems allow to save about 10%. This can be done in a way completely unrelated to financial costs. Approximately one fifth can be saved thanks to the planned development, i.e. the purchase of not necessarily the cheapest equipment, but those that will ensure optimal energy parameters during operation. The remaining 20% are already high-cost investments, the cost of which is anyway lower than the value of saved energy.

After 1 October large companies will be required to perform energy audits
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